Venus of Hohle Fels

The Venus of Hohle Fels (also known as the Venus of Schelklingen) is an Upper Paleolithic Venus figurine hewn from ivory of a mammoth tusk found in 2008 near SchelklingenGermany.


It is dated to between 35,000 and 40,000 years ago, belonging to the early Aurignacian, at the very beginning of the Upper Paleolithic, which is associated with the assumed earliest presence of Homo sapiens in Europe (Cro-Magnon).


It is the oldest undisputed example of Upper Paleolithic art and figurative prehistoric art in general.

when? 35000-40000 BCE...............where? Swabian Alb - Germany

Map of the Aurignacian culture from 37,000 to 28,000 years BC
Map of the Aurignacian culture from 37,000 to 28,000 years BC

The sequence of layers of the Aurignacian, where fragments of a Venusfigurine have been found corresponding scientifically to a calibrated calendar age of 35,000 to 40,000 years ago. Thus, the Venus of Hohle Fels is the world's oldest secured depiction of a human being.

Two even older artifacts from Israel and Morocco, which were interpreted by some archaeologists also as Venusfigures (Venus Berekhat Ram and Venus of Tan-Tan), are regarded by the majority as natural games.

The Aurignacian is the oldest archaeological culture of the European Palaeolithic, which occurs simultaneously with the expansion of anatomically modern humans (Homo sapiens) in many parts of Western, Central and Eastern Europe.

According to current knowledge, this corresponds to a calendar age of at least 40,000 to about 31,000 years ago. The subsequent archaeological culture was the Gravettian.


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